Water Pollution

    "Unconventional drilling" requires unbelievable amounts of water. In Blackpool, some 8,400,000 litres of water were used for fracking operations at the exploration stage. That's 125,000 litres per day, over 67 days. In context, dwellings in Mid Sussex district use an average of 19,740,000 litres per day. Greater quantities of water are likely to be used during the production stage. We understand that all of the water will have to be trucked in. Fracking requires a long list of hazardous chemicals to dissolve minerals, eliminate bacteria, maintain viscosity … the list goes on and on. Hydrochloric acid is used in vast quantities. Large volumes of water return to the surface. Known as "produced water" it is contaminated with the chemicals used in the fracking process and materials leached from the shale rock including heavy metals and radioactive elements. When gas wells leak, methane can make its way into aquifers. Hydraulic Fracturing is designed to liberate methane from shale rock and inevitably disturbs the geology of an area. This can lead to high levels of methane in streams, aquifers and eventually drinking water. 6% of gas wells leak immediately and 60% of all gas wells leak within 30 years. Shale gas exploration requires many wells to be drilled, it would require over 6,000 wells in West Sussex if Celtique are to extract the volumes of gas they have promised their shareholders, so we can be sure that they have plans for more sites nearby. Redundant wells can never be removed or recycled, the steel and concrete structures plunged deep into the earth will decay slowly over time. All gas wells will leak eventually. In addition to the added chemicals, the water picks up hydrocarbons, heavy metals like arsenic, and radioactivity from the shale. Billions of gallons of waste water will be produced in our area alone and will need to be trucked to a final disposal site. The most common method of disposal will be Deep Well Injection Disposal, where the waste is forced underground at high pressure into dry gas wells.